The Relationship between Soil, Climate Change, and Animals
What is soil
Soil is the thin layer of material covering the earth’s surface and is formed from the weathering of rocks. It is made up mainly of mineral particles, organic materials, air, water, and living organisms all of which interact slowly yet constantly. The formation of soil is influenced by factors such as; physical breakdown of rocks as a result of mechanical activity. Secondly, can be through a change in their chemical makeup. This can happen when the minerals in rocks react with water, air or other chemicals. Thirdly, is biological weathering by animals getting water and air inside the rock leading to change of its biological makeup.
Soil physical properties define movement of air and water through soil, as well as conditions necessary for germination, root growth, and erosion processes. Soil physical properties form the base of processes, which may greatly influence growth and production of crops.
Ecologist discovered some unique patterns in the placement of specie on earth. This is due to presence of the certain species in large numbers in certain areas while few to none in others. The dispersal of plant and animal species in the biosphere is influenced by some factors which include; Temperature influence the dispersal as exposure to different temperatures makes certain plants and animals more adaptable to one temperature change compared to another. Another factor is water the accessibility of water in some areas makes some plants easily adaptable to those areas for instance cactus plants are easily adaptable and are found in plenty in dry areas. Also some animals like carmels tend to be more adaptable to dry dessert environment.
What is the importance of oxygen in biological systems?
Oxygen accessibility is significant in sea-going biological systems just as earthbound conditions. Earthbound creatures get oxygen from the air they relax. Oxygen accessibility can be an issue for life forms living at exceptionally high rises, where there are less particles of oxygen noticeable all around. In oceanic frameworks, the convergence of broke down oxygen is identified with water temperature and the speed at which the water moves. Cold water has more broken up oxygen than hotter water. Likewise, saltiness, water flow, and tide can be significant abiotic factors in sea-going environments.
What is a Biome?
A biome is a big area characterized by its vegetation, soil, climate, and wildlife. The Earth’s biomes are categorized into two major groups: terrestrial and aquatic. Terrestrial biomes are based on land, while aquatic biomes include both ocean and freshwater biomes. Terrestrial biomes on Earth are each distinguished by characteristic temperatures and amount of precipitation. Temperature variation daily and seasonal basis is important for predicting the geographic distribution of the biome and the vegetation type in the biome.
Some of the factors that differentiate the different types of biomes include, the type of vegetation found in the different biome vary. The vegetation in aquatic biomes is different from that of terrestrial this is because the plants are each adapted differently to survive the condition in the biome. The temperature found in different biomes vary for instance in the temperatures are higher in terrestrial biomes compared to aquatic biomes.